Technical reports

The reports presented here are the outcomes of studies commissioned by ITTO to facilitate informed decision-making. The contents of these reports do not necessarily reflect the views of ITTO or its members. 


Assessing the ITTO guidelines for the restoration, management and rehabilitation of degraded and secondary tropical forests. Case studies of Ghana, Indonesia and Mexico

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ITTO commissioned the report from WRI as part of its contribution to the Global Partnership for Forest Landscape Restoration (GPFLR) in order to increase understanding of the factors to be taken into account in successful forest and landscape restoration and rehabilitation of degraded forests in the tropics. The report presents a review of restoration activities in project sites in Africa, Asia and Latin America. ITTO tasked forestry professionals in Ghana, Indonesia and Mexico to assess sites according to the ITTO guidelines. The report presents a summary of the main lessons learned and recommendations for the development of a revised framework.

Published :  February 2016
Author :  Kathleen Buckingham and Sarah Weber, WRI

Technical report on the life-cycle assessment for environmental product declarations of ipe and cumaru decking strips produced in Brazil

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This report on the environmental product declaration (EPD) study on ipe and cumaru decking strips in Brazil is the third output of an activity under the ITTO Biennial Work Programme for the years 2013-2014 which was carried out in response to the latest international timber markets’ requirements on environmentally responsible construction materials.

Published :  July 2015
Author :  Ivaldo P. Jankowsky, Inês Cristina M. Galina and Ariel de Andrade

Europe’s changing tropical timber trade

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This baseline report was prepared in the inception phase of the Independent Market Monitoring initiative to determine the state of European Union (EU) markets for wood products prior to the issuance of import licences under the EU’s Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade programme. The Independent Market Monitoring initiative has been established under an ITTO project to support the implementation of bilateral voluntary partnership agreements (VPAs) between the EU and participating timber-supplying countries.

Published :  November 2015
Author :  ITTO
ID number :  TS-45
ISBN :  978-4-86507-027-9

The impact of timber procurement policies: an analysis of the economic effects of governmental procurement policies in tropical timber markets

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This report provides an analysis of the impacts of TPPs on forest products markets and trade, attempting to discern their effects on timber demand, supply, costs and prices in relevant markets and the financial implications for timber exporting countries. It examines the challenges faced by ITTO producer and consumer countries in complying with and implementing timber procurement requirements and proposes valuable recommendations for further action by ITTO and others to promote trade in tropical timber in the context of TPPs and related measures.

Published :  March 2015
Author :  R. Michael Martin and Baharuddin Haji Ghazali
ID number :  TS-44
ISBN :  978-4-86507-017-0

Technical guide on the quantification of carbon benefits in ITTO projects

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This technical guide on the quantification of carbon benefits in ITTO projects is an output of ITTO Project RED-PA 069/11 Rev.1 (F), which was financed through REDDES. The aim of the guide is to support forest managers in monitoring and reporting on the carbon benefits of ITTO projects. Although directed primarily at the managers of ITTO projects, it is likely to also help other forest managers in understanding the scientific, technical and social aspects of climate-change mitigation through forestry.

Published :  January 2015
Author :  CARMENZA ROBLEDO ABAD
ID number :  TS-43
ISBN :  978-4-86507-016-3

Life cycle assessment for environmental product declaration of tropical African mahogany (khaya) lumber produced in Ghana

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This report on the environmental product declaration (EPD) study on tropical African mahogany (khaya) lumber in Ghana is the second output of an activity under the ITTO Biennial Work Programme for the years 2013-2014 which was carried out in response to the latest international timber markets’ requirements on environmentally responsible construction materials.

UNU-IAS/ITTO Policy Report on Strengthening Development in International-Local Institutional Linkages in REDD+: Lessons from Existing Forest-Carbon Initiatives

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This study seeks to understand how best to connect local and international institutions based on lessons learnt from existing initiatives in the forest sector that aim to achieve greenhouse gas emission reductions (often referred to as ‘forest-carbon’ initiatives) in order to inform the current debates and actions on REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Developing Countries).

Published :  December 2014
Author :  Jose A. Puppim de Oliveira, Yasmeen Telwala, Hwan-Ok Ma, Richard Rastall
ID number :  UNU-IAS/2014/No. 13
ISBN :  978-92-808-4552-5

PP-A-47-262 Final Report on Strengthening the Capacity to Promote Efficient Wood Processing Technologies in Tropical Timber Producing Countries

Report on Strengthening the Capacity to Promote Efficient Wood Processing Technologies in Tropical Timber Producing Countries.

Report on Environmental Product Declaration on meranti plywood in Indonesia and Malaysia

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This report on the environmental product declaration (EPD) study on meranti plywood in Indonesia and Malaysia is an outcome of an activity under the ITTO Biennial Work Programme for the years 2013-2014 which was carried out in response to the latest international timber markets’ requirements on environmentally responsible construction materials.

Indicating progress: uses and impacts of criteria and indicators for sustainable forest management

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This publication reports the results of an ITTO commissioned study intended to provide information on the experiences of countries worldwide in using C&I, identify trends and developments, and look at ways to increase the impact of ITTO’s C&I in the field. It examines the early evolution of C&I for SFM, developments in the five C&I processes and in international forest policy since 2000, the responses of governments, non-governmental organizations and the private sector to surveys on C&I, and trends and emerging issues related to C&I. It draws firm conclusions and proposes a number of recommendations for ITTO and others to consider.

Published :  April 2014
Author :  Stephanie J. Caswell, Ivan Tomaselli and Sofia R. Hirakuri
ID number :  TS-42
ISBN :  978-4-86507-010-1

Towards a development strategy for the wood processing industry in the Congo Basin

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This document brings together a series of reflections and suggestions for the development and implementation of strategies to develop the forest industry in the Congo Basin. These were formulated over the course of four workshops organized between September 2010 and June 2011 in Cameroon, the Republic of the Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Gabon.

Published :  September 2013
Author :  FAO, ITTO and ATIBT

Riding out the storm

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This report was developed through ITTO’s Thematic Programme on Trade and Market Transparency based on concerns expressed by ITTO producer member countries that the global and economic crisis had exposed the vulnerability and lack of preparedness of the tropical timber sector to manage future global and regional economic crises.

Published :  March 2013
Author :  Frances Maplesden (lead author), Alhassan Attah, Ivan Tomaselli, and Nelson Wong
ID number :  TS-41
ISBN :  4-902045-98-2

Governing the forests: an institutional analysis of REDD+ and community forest management in Asia

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This joint report of UNU-IAS and ITTO will serve as a useful reference for policymakers, professionals and practitioners as they work to promote REDD+ in ways that tackle climate change and biodiversity loss but also respect concerns and listen to the voice of local stakeholders. The report has been prepared by ITTO in cooperation with United Nations University – Institute of Advance Studies (UNU-IAS), and features a case study of ITTO funded project PD 519/08 Rev.1 (F) “REDD in Meru Betiri National Park, Indonesia”.

Published :  February 2013
Author :  UNU-IAS and ITTO

Working together to get forest measurement right: a solution for REDD+

REDD+ is an incentive mechanism being developed under the UNFCCC for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation and contributing to conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks. The Montréal Process, ITTO, FOREST EUROPE and UN FAO recognize the value of working with other countries, organizations and processes involved in REDD+invite other entities interested in forest-related data, evaluation or expertise to work with them to explore how existing C&I can be used to meet content and process requirements for developing country-specific REDD+ safeguards and understanding how those safeguards are being addressed and respected. This short handout was developed by the four partners for dissemination at UNFCCC COP 18 and in other relevant fora.

Published :  November 2012
Author :  The Montréal Process, ITTO, FOREST EUROPE and UN FAO

Tracking sustainability: review of electronic and semi-electronic timber tracking technologies

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Timber tracking and timber products tracking technologies are relatively new and are gaining increasing importance through changing consumer and policy demands. This report is a useful guide to these rapidly evolving technologies.

Published :  October 2012
Author :  Felix Seidel with Emily Fripp, Annie Adams and Ian Denty
ID number :  TS-40
ISBN :  4-902045-95-8

Wood product accounting and climate change mitigation projects involving tropical timber

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An output from a pre-project under the ITTO Thematic Programme on Trade and Market Transparency.

TMT-PA 007/11 Rev.1 (I)

Work plan for accounting methodology development for wood products in climate change mitigation projects involving tropical timber

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An output from a pre-project under the ITTO Thematic Programme on Trade and Market Transparency.

TMT-PA 007/11 Rev.1 (I)

Report of in-house training on wood processing techniques carried out under Biennial Work Programme 2010-2011

Proceedings of the joint workshop to streamline global forest reporting and strengthen collaboration among international criteria and indicator processes

Statement from the joint workshop to streamline global forest reporting and strengthen collaboration among international criteria and indicator processes