Cibodas Biosphere Reserve (CBR) in West Java province of Indonesia, with a total area of approximately 114,779 hectares, is one of the most important biosphere reserves of Indonesia due mainly to its rich and unique biodiversity. It is also a well-known tourist destination due to its relatively good accessibility and a vital source of water for lives of about thirty million people residing in the Capital City of Jakarta and other smaller cities as well as municipalities located around the reserve.
The reserve, however, has not been adequately managed; it has not fully fulfilled its conservation and development functions due to various management problems. The proposed project aims “to contribute to restoring the conservation and development functions of CBR”. Its specific objective, “to improve conservation and sustainable management of biodiversity and ecosystems in CBR through implementation of the Integrated Strategic Management Plan”, is to be achieved through delivery of three outputs, namely: i) threat on biodiversity in the core area significantly reduced, ii) land use best practices in CBR buffer and transition zones demonstrated and promoted, and iii) institutional arrangements for CBR management enhanced. The basic notion underlying the project design is that CBR can never fulfill its conservation and development functions unless the landscapes in the core area and buffer and transition zones are properly managed and utilized and the institutional arrangements for the reserve management are significantly enhanced.