Sumatra is one largest island in Indonesia which has abundant biological diversity, including indigenous plant species. Some of those high-value indigenous species are Sumatran yew (Taxus sumatrana), Sumatran merbau (Intsia palembanica), lesser known non timber forest products (NTFPs) producing species (i.e. Aquilaria spp., Gyrinops spp., Gonystylus spp.), kulim (Schorodocarpus borneensis), andalas (Morus macroura) and giam (Cotylelobium melanoxylon). Over exploitation, encroachment, and other habitat disruption have made those selected high value species threatened to extinction. High commercially valuable timber species such as Sumatran merbau, kulim, andalas, and giam have been excessively and illegally logged for several last decades. Wild-lesser known NTFPs producing species have also been illegally logged for collection. Whereas, endemic and relatively limited distribution and small population size (T. sumatrana) has been threatened by habitat encroachment, population disruption and illegal logging. The overall objective of this project is to contribute to the sustainable management, conservation and utilization of high-value Sumatran indigenous species. Specific objective is to improve the achievement of conservation goal through revitalization of the existing conservation and regeneration program, and harvest control of the high-value Sumatran tropical indigenous species.. The expected outputs are (1) The conservation of selected high-value indigenous species accelerated, (2) The harvest control of those species promoted, and (3) Regeneration capacity of those species improved.