21 No 2

Mapping mangroves


Mangroves are highly productive, biodiversity-rich forest ecosystems adapted to survive in the harsh interface between land and sea. They provide resources such as timber, firewood, thatching materials and a wide range of other products, they serve as habitat for fisheries, and they help protect coastlines from tsunamis, storm surges and erosion. But they are under threat. An estimated 35 600 km2 were lost between 1980 and 2005, and the annual rate of loss between 2000 and 2005 was 0.66%. 

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The ITTO Tropical Forest Update is published quarterly in English, French and Spanish; the French and Spanish editions are usually posted about a month later than the English.

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Mangrove ecosystems


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Mangroves and people


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Regional assessments


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Management implications


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