Community forests have existed for centuries and represent one of the main forms of forest ownership. In Indonesia, community ownership of forest land has been the dominant tenure for decades. More recently, the government of Indonesia has initiated new policies and legislation that will allow local communities to be actively involved in forest management especially in the state production forest. Community-based plantation forest (HTR) launched in 2007 is offered as a priority program in Indonesia to achieve SFM mission. Up to 2016 it is projected to rehabilitate 5.4 million hectares of logged over areas (LOA) and degraded forest areas under production forest land status. The primary concern is increasing forest contribution to economic growth as well as to people’s livelihoods (pro-growth, pro-job, pro-poor). As an instrument for economic growth (the national revenues), HTR is expected to be a supplement raw material for forest industries produced by Industrial Plantation Forest (HTI). Meanwhile, as an instrument for people’s livelihoods and empowerment, communities are given wider access to law, credit, and market.
As the problem is lack of capacity of stakeholders in the establishment and implementation of HTR, the development objective of this proposed project is to support the development of Community-based Plantation Forest. The specific objective is to improve the knowledge and skills of CBPF owners in managing their forest. The expected outputs of the project are: 1) Improved capacity of community group in developing CBPF management plan and in forest cultivation; 2) Increased number of facilitators and technical persons in the field of forestry at the district, provincial and central levels to guide the community in managing their plantation forest; 3) Available market access for forest products from CBPF and other plantation business.