The overall objective of the proposed project is to promote interest of local stakeholders in conservation and development of kemenyan (Styrax spp.) resource through improved livelihood of local communities. Its specific objective is to implement an adequate strategy for sustainable development and utilization of kemenyan resource in Toba region of North Sumatra province. The expected outputs of the project are: i). support of local government on development and utilization of kemenyan resource strengthened; ii). participation of local communities in kemenyan resource utilization promoted; and iii). interest of local communities in kemenyan plantation development elevated. The project will be implemented in a participatory manner involving local stakeholders including local government, local communities, NGOs, universities and professionals. To minimize risk, support of local governments and cooperation of local communities should be secured since the very early stage of project implementation.