Project portfolio

The following is a list of ITTO projects in the field of restoration and planted forests initiated since 1999. All budget amounts are in US dollars. For a complete list of all operational and completed projects financed by ITTO, please refer to the ITTO Annual Report.

In the project numbers given below, 'PD' denotes project and 'PPD' denotes pre-project. The suffix 'F' denotes Committee on Reforestation and Forest Management, 'M' the Committee on Economic Information and Market Intelligence, and 'I' the Committee on Forest Industry.

Restoring the Ecosystem Functions of the Lake Toba Catchment Area through Community Development and Local Capacity Building for Forest and Land Rehabilitation

Project number :  PD 394/06 Rev.1 (F)
Project country :  Indonesia
budget :  ITTO: $549,974
Government of Indonesia: $192,430
Total: $742,404
Submitted by :  Government of Indonesia
Implementing agencies :  Forestry Research and Development Agency, Ministry of Forestry
Financed at session No :  42

Summary

This project proposal is a follow up to the recommendations of the ITTO Technical Mission to Indonesia regarding rehabilitation of watersheds in Indonesia and the study by JICA on the development of Lake Toba catchment area. The project aims at contributing to the improvement and sustainability of ecosystem functions of the Lake Toba Catchment Area (LTCA) through prevention of continued forest clearing and promotion of rehabilitation programs on degraded forest and land in the area. Its specific objectives are to: i) reduce the rate of forest clearing for agricultural uses through community development; and ii) improve accomplishment of forest and land rehabilitation programs surrounding the LTCA through capacity strengthening of the local institutions.

The expected main outputs of the project include:

· Land productivity surrounding the catchment area increased;
· Options for household sources of income available;
· Forest and land rehabilitation models with forest prevention techniques established;
· Models of land tenure conflict resolution established and adopted by target groups;
· Local community awareness of ecosystem functions improved;
· Appropriate technologies for forest and land rehabilitation in the TLCA identified;
· Community groups trained on appropriate technologies for forest and land rehabilitation; and
· Coordination among local stakeholders strengthened in implementing forest and land rehabilitation programs.


Training on Demonstration, Application and Extension of the ITTO Manual on Restoring Forest Landscapes in Tropics of China

Project number :  PD 423/06 Rev.2 (F)
Project country :  China
budget :  ITTO: $372,060
Government of China: $159,025
Total: $531,085
Submitted by :  Government of the People's Republic of China
Implementing agencies :  Research Institute of Forest Resource Information Techniques, Chinese Academy of Forestry (CAF)
Financed at session No :  42

Summary

The Chinese Central as well as Local Governments in the tropical regions of China have devoted great efforts on improving tropical forest management and resulted in increased forest cover. However, forest degradation, fragmentation and modification continue taking place for various reasons including the lack of understanding on the tropical forest landscapes by stakeholders, lack of mechanism for stakeholders to participate in forest management decision making, poverty, lack of appropriate approaches and demonstrations, lack of financial incentives for forest landscape restoration and weak national policy.

This project aims to promote landscape restoration, sustainable management of tropical forests and sustainable development in the tropical region of China. Its specific objectives are to: i) train and apply the ITTO Manual on Restoring Forest Landscapes in tropical China; and ii) to demonstrate and extend the application of the ITTO Manual on Restoring Forest Landscapes in the tropical region of China.

The expected main outputs of the project include:

· Training on the ITTO Manual on restoring forest landscapes conducted;
· Application of the ITTO Manual in the Lingshui County of Hainan monitored and reported;
· Forest Landscapes Restoration (FLR) Plan for Lingshui County developed;
· Three demonstration plots for FLR in Lingshui County established and operational;
· Application of the ITTO Manual trained and extended; and
· Project Technical Reports published and disseminated.


Guidelines for the Restoration of Mangroves and Other Coastal Forests Damaged by Tsunamis and Other Natural Hazards in the Asia-Pacific Region

Project number :  PPD 134/07 Rev.1 (F)
Project country :  Japan
budget :  ITTO: $129,038
ISME and others: $11,250
Total: $140,288
Submitted by :  Government of Japan
Implementing agencies :  International Society for Mangrove Ecosystems (ISME)
Financed at session No :  42

Summary

Mangrove and other coastal forests provide livelihood for human communities living in and around the forests and protect coastal areas against tsunamis and other natural hazards including cyclones, typhoons, floods and abrasion. However, no manuals or guidelines are available to date for the restoration of mangroves and other coastal vegetation damaged by tsunamis and other natural hazards.

This pre-project aims to contribute to the safety of lives of people living in coastal areas of the Asia-Pacific region against natural hazards through rehabilitation and sustainable management of mangroves and other coastal forests. Its specific objective is to re-evaluate the role and functions of mangroves and coastal forests in mitigating natural hazards in the Asia-Pacific region and to assist countries in the region to facilitate rehabilitation efforts aimed at reducing future hazard damages.

The expected main outputs of the pre-project are:

· Scientific report of Regional Meeting compiled and published;
· Comprehensive manual with practical guidelines on the restoration of mangroves and other coastal forests in the Asia-Pacific region compiled and published; and
· New project proposal for the rehabilitation and sustainable management of mangroves and other coastal forests damaged by natural hazards in the Asia-Pacific region prepared.


Promoting the Utilization of Plantation Timber Resources by Extending Environmentally Sound Preservation Technology

Project number :  PD 398/06 Rev.2 (I)
Project country :  China
budget :  ITTO: $291,060
Government of China: $122,500
Total: $413,560
Submitted by :  Government of the People's Republic of China
Implementing agencies :  Guangdong Forest Research Institute (GDFRI)
Financed at session No :  42

Summary

This 3-year project will follow-up and build on the results of project PD 52/99 Rev. 2 (I) “Development and Extension of Preservation Technology of Tropical Plantation Timber”, which contributed to the establishment of a preliminary foundation in terms of knowledge and technology for the development of an environmentally sound wood preservation industry in South China. The importance of an appropriate wood preservation industry has been recognized by key stakeholders in South China since wood treated with preservatives can increase the service life of wood products.

The project aims to develop environmentally sound timber preservative technologies and establish a treated timber products monitoring system in South China to ensure the efficient use of plantation timbers. It also focuses on the establishment of a demonstration plant for treated timbers with preservatives in South China to increase safety and quality control of wood preservatives. At the end of the project, it is expected that a treated timber products monitoring system is established and in functioning and that the Guangdong Forest Research Institute can service the wood industry in South China as a leading regional technical center.


The study and demonstration of the management of secondary forests in tropical regions for the purpose of enhancing economic and ecological benefits

Project number :  PD 294/04 Rev.4 (F) – Phase I
Project country :  China
budget :  ITTO: $286,091
Government of China: $126,289
Total: $412,380
Submitted by :  Government of China
Implementing agencies :  Guangdong Academy of Forestry (GAF)
ITTO funding sources :  Japan, Australia
Financed at session No :  40

Summary

This project proposal is the outcome of Pre-project PPD 30/01 Rev.1 (F): "The Study and Demonstration of the Management of Secondary Forests in Tropical Regions for the Purpose of Enhancing Economic and Ecological Benefits".

Pre-project PPD 30/01 Rev.1 (F) documented the decade-long neglect of Chinese tropical secondary forests (TSF), which was due to the perceived low economic and ecological value. This project is aimed at accelerating sustainable forest management by better management of the secondary tropical forests in China. Its specific objectives are: a) to establish demonstration forests in two selected provinces for the study and demonstration of management of TSF including planted trees and non-timber forest products and b) to train forestry staff and villagers in TSF rehabilitation techniques and to publish and disseminate the project results.

The expected outputs of the project are:

· Fifty superior timber, rattan and medicinal plant species selected and trial planted;
· Nurseries established and operational;
· TSF management models and demonstration plots of plantation established on 4,263 Ha. of land area in two provinces;
· One hundred government staff and villagers trained in TSF rehabilitation techniques; and
· TSF management techniques published and disseminated


Production systems and integrated management of shoot-borers for the successful establishment of Meliaceae plantations in the Yucatan Peninsula and Veracruz, Mexico

Project number :  PD 350/05 Rev.3 (F)
Project country :  Mexico
budget :  ITTO: $366,271
INIFAP*: $209,600
Total: $575,871
Submitted by :  Government of Mexico
Implementing agencies :  *National Institute for Forestry, Agricultural and Animal Research
ITTO funding sources :  Japan, Finland
Financed at session No :  40

Summary

The accelerated deforestation process in the Mexican tropics has prompted forest authorities to promote reforestation and commercial plantation establishment activities, mainly through two ambitious programs involving local communities, PRONARE and PRODEPLAN, with a view to increasing forest cover, reducing pressure on natural forests and ensuring the supply of the forest industry. The main species used in these programs are red cedar (Cedrela odorata) and mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla), which, unfortunately, are heavily attacked by Meliaceae borers, jeopardizing the success of the programs and discouraging local communities involved in these programs.

The overall objective of this project proposal is to achieve the sustainable production of tropical timber in Mexico through the development, implementation of an integrated system for the management of pests that are currently limiting the establishment of cedar and mahogany plantations in the Mexican tropics. More specifically, the proposal envisages developing and promoting an integrated shoot-borer management system for young Meliaceae plantations, including silvicultural management, to enable forest producers in the Yucatan Peninsula and Veracruz to successfully establish plantations for the sustainable production of tropical timber, and further designing an operational model for the development and adoption of technologies for the management of community Meliaceae plantations with the direct participation of producers and technicians in the establishment of 12 demonstration plantations in the Yucatan Peninsula and Veracruz.

Major outputs include:

· A better understanding by producers of the Meliaceae plantation systems and the management of phyto-sanitary problems;
· The validation and transfer of direct control methods for H. grandella and C. yucatanensis, assessing their cost-effectiveness and performance;
· Monitoring of damage and pests to collect information on the biology of Meliaceae borers in the study area (population fluctuations and environmental factors regulating Hypsipyla grandella and Chrysobothris yucatanensis life cycles);
· The validation and transfer of silvicultural and agroforestry practices to minimise the damage caused by Meliaceae borers;
· Identification and propagation of Meliaceae borer-resistant genotypes;
· 12 demonstration plantations established in an equal number of rural communities and under various environmental conditions in the states of Yucatan, Campeche, Quintana Roo and Veracruz, showcasing the silvicultural practices required for the sound management of Meliaceae plantations, using producers' plantations and the most direct and cost-effective technology transfer approach; and
· 120 producers and 24 forest technicians trained annually on plantation establishment, silvicultural management and integrated management of Meliaceae borers.


Controlling the dieback phenomenon in plantation species

Project number :  PPD 123/06 Rev.1 (F)
Project country :  Côte d'Ivoire
budget :  ITTO: $79,920
Government of Côte d'Ivoire: $18,125
Total $98,045
Submitted by :  Government of Côte d'Ivoire
Implementing agencies :  Forest Development Corporation (Societe de developpement des forêts – SODEFOR)
ITTO funding sources :  Japan
Financed at session No :  40

Summary

This pre-project proposal arises from the recommendations of the Thirtieth Expert Panel on the project proposal PD 378/05 (F) "Controlling the Dieback and Decay Phenomenon in Plantation Species". Teak and tree species of the Terminalia genus (Fraké and Framiré) make up the bulk of the timber potentials present in forest plantations established by SODEFOR since 1966. These species account for around 60% of plantation areas and generate over 70% of SODEFOR's revenue. Unfortunately, these species have been affected for a few years by a dieback phenomenon whose causes and control treatment have not yet been fully grasped.

The pre-project aims at providing support to conservation and sustainable management policies for the plantation forests of Côte d'Ivoire through the integrated pathogens control of the dieback and decay phenomenon in reforestation species. The specific objective of the Pre-project is to develop a baseline study of the dieback phenomenon for Teak and Terminalia spp in Côte d'Ivoire.

Expected outputs are: (1) a baseline study report outlining research approaches to solutions available; and (2) a project proposal for the integrated control of dieback and decay phenomena for Teak and Terminalia spp formulated.


Regional workshop on processing, marketing and trade of quality wood products of teak plantations

Project number :  PD 416/06 (I)
Project country :  India
budget :  ITTO: $106,539
KFRI*: $44,730
Total: $151,269
Submitted by :  Government of India
Implementing agencies :  *Kerala Forest Research Institute
ITTO funding sources :  Japan
Financed at session No :  40

Summary

Of all the tropical hardwood species, teak (Tectona grandis) is probably one of the most well-known and high-value timbers with its extremely good dimensional stability and aesthetic qualities. Teak occurs naturally in India, Myanmar, Laos and Thailand but it has been established in plantations throughout tropical Asia, as well as in tropical Africa and Latin America and the Caribbean. The current project proposal was prepared based on the recommendations of the International Conference on "Quality Timber Products of Teak from Sustainable Forest Management" held at Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi, Kerala, India, 2-5 December 2003.

This 12-month project aims to organize a regional workshop in 2007 for critical appraisal of the problems of processing, marketing and trade of quality products of teak from plantations with the participation of major Asian teak producer countries, viz. India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar and Thailand as well as the importing countries. The regional workshop is expected to: (i) provide a clear understanding of country situation among the project partners; (ii) identify the lead countries in areas of research and training as well as networking to cater to the needs of international stakeholders; and (iii) establish working relationships among the project partners in Asian Region.


Participatory establishment of collaborative sustainable forest management in Dusun Aro, Jambi

Project number :  PD 210/03 Rev.3 (F)
Project country :  Indonesia
budget :  ITTO: $588,835
Government of Indonesia: $201,243
Total: $790,078
Submitted by :  Government of Indonesia
Implementing agencies :  Directorate General of Land Rehabilitation and Social Forestry, Ministry of Forestry, in collaboration with the Faculty of Forestry, Bogor Agricultural University
ITTO funding sources :  Japan
Financed at session No :  37

Summary

This project will assist the achievement of sustainable forest management through appropriate forest utilisation and the establishment of a collaborative forest management system. Its specific objectives are to: restore degraded primary forests, manage secondary forests and rehabilitate degraded forest lands in Dusun Aro, Jambi, following the ITTO guidelines; and establish a collaborative forest management system with the full participation of local stakeholders.


The establishment of seed orchards for selected indigenous tree species in Sabah, Malaysia

Project number :  PD 200/03 Rev.4 (F)
Project country :  Malaysia
budget :  ITTO: $367,632
Government of Malaysia: $362,150
Total: $729,782
Submitted by :  Government of Malaysia
Implementing agencies :  Sabah Forestry Department
ITTO funding sources :  Netherlands, Bali Partnership Fund (Sub-account A), USA, Japan
Financed at session No :  37

Summary

The development objective of this project is to encourage and support the large-scale planting of indigenous timber tree species. Its specific objectives are to establish seed orchards of selected indigenous tree species and promote the planting of such species.


Building capacity to develop and implement afforestation and reforestation projects under the Clean Development Mechanism (AR-CDM) of the Kyoto Protocol in the tropical forestry sector

Project number :  PD 359/05 Rev.1 (F)
Project country :  Japan
budget :  ITTO: $942,166
Total: $942,166
Submitted by : 
Implementing agencies :  ITTO Secretariat
ITTO funding sources :  Unearmarked funds of the Special Account
Financed at session No :  38

Summary

There has been strong interest in afforestation and reforestation (AR) projects under the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) of the Kyoto Protocol since this treaty took effect on 16 February 2005. This project will promote AR-CDM project activities through public-private partnerships, linking host developing countries with industrialised investor countries.


Rehabilitation of degraded forest using indigenous species through collaboration with local communities in West Kalimantan

Project number :  PPD 103/04 Rev.2 (F)
Project country :  Indonesia
budget :  ITTO: $52,769
Government of Indonesia: $16,183
Total: $68,952
Submitted by :  Government of Indonesia
Implementing agencies :  Kapuas Watershed Management Agency in collaboration with Forestry Faculty, Tanjungpura University of West Kalimantan, Indonesia
ITTO funding sources :  Netherlands, USA, Japan
Financed at session No :  38

Summary

This pre-project will a) collect and analyse the information necessary to evaluate the underlying causes of forest degradation in West Kalimantan; and b) define an overall strategy based on the ITTO Guidelines for the restoration, management and rehabilitation of degraded and secondary tropical forests for a community-based pilot project for the ecological rehabilitation and socioeconomic management of degraded forests in West Kalimantan.


Ex-situ and in-situ conservation of teak (Tectona grandis) to support sustainable forest management

Project number :  PD 270/04 Rev.2 (F)
Project country :  Myanmar
budget :  ITTO: $474,941
Government of Myanmar: Kyat 9,270,800
Total: $474,941 + Kyat 9,270,800
Submitted by :  Government of Myanmar
Implementing agencies :  Forest Department of Myanmar
ITTO funding sources :  Japan, Republic of Korea
Financed at session No :  38

Summary

This project will help improve the quality of plantation teak through the initiation of a tree improvement program. Its specific objectives are to: 1) establish seed production areas and seed orchards for the production of high-quality seed; and 2) strengthen the tissue culture laboratory and produce high-quality clonal plantlets through tissue culture and shoot-cutting from hedge gardens.


Rehabilitation of degraded forest land involving local communities in West Java

Project number :  PD 271/04 Rev.3 (F)
Project country :  Indonesia
budget :  ITTO: $493,236
Forest Service of Ciamis District,
Government of Indonesia: $77,000
Total: $570,236
Submitted by :  Government of Indonesia
Implementing agencies :  Forestry Service of Ciamis District (Dinas Kehutanan Kabupaten Ciamis), in collaboration with the Forestry Research and Development Agency (FORDA) and the Directorate-General of Rehabilitation and Social Forestry, Ministry of Forestry (MOF)
ITTO funding sources :  Japan, Norway
Financed at session No :  38

Summary

This project will promote sustainable forest management on degraded forest lands through the involvement of local communities in rehabilitation activities to generate social, economic and ecological benefits. Its specific objectives are to: 1) rehabilitate degraded forest lands through participation of local communities following the ITTO Guidelines for the restoration, rehabilitation and management of degraded and secondary tropical forests; and 2) strengthen the local institutional capacity to rehabilitate degraded forest lands.


An international workshop on the Clean Development Mechanism – opportunities and challenges for the forest industry sector in sub-Saharan tropical Africa

Project number :  PD 337/05 Rev.2 (F)
Project country :  Ghana
budget :  ITTO: $299,160
Ghana Forestry Commission: $10,000
African Development Bank: $40,000
Total: $349,160
Submitted by :  Government of Ghana
Implementing agencies :  Ghana Forestry Commission
ITTO funding sources :  Switzerland, Common Fund for Commodities, USA, Finland
Financed at session No :  38

Summary

This project will promote African participation in the CDM by convening an international workshop designed to improve the understanding of CDM mechanisms and identify opportunities, constraints and challenges for African timber-producing countries. The workshop will particularly involve key stakeholders in the CDM, international institutions involved in forestry activities in Africa, energy companies, the private sector, government policymakers and NGOs, and scientific institutions in Ghana.


Strengthening national capacity and regional collaboration for sustainable use of forest genetic resources in tropical Asia (Malaysia)

Project number :  PD 199/03 Rev.3 (F)
Project country :  Malaysia
budget :  ITTO: $343,440
Government of Malaysia: $51,000
APAFRI: $30,000
IPGRI: $150,000
Total: $574,440
Submitted by :  Government of Malaysia
Implementing agencies :  Asia Pacific Association of Forestry Research Institutions (APAFRI), International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (IPGRI) and Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
ITTO funding sources :  Japan
Financed at session No :  36

Summary

The tropical forests and forest genetic resources (FGR) in the Asia Pacific region are threatened by deforestation, forest fragmentation and habitat degradation as a result of unsuitable harvesting of forest products and the conversion of forests for agriculture and urban development. Although the importance of FGR conservation is recognized in many countries of the Asia Pacific region, the establishment of national FGR programmes has been hampered by a lack of commitment by policy-makers and limited national capacity to conserve and manage FGR.

The project aims to develop national and regional capacity to conserve and sustainably use FGR and share information among the countries of tropical Asia through the following specific objectives:

a) To develop a regional programme to coordinate national activities and support selected countries in their efforts to implement conservation of FGR for sustainable use; and

b) To develop a regional mechanism and capacity for sharing information on and use of FGR in seven selected Asian member countries of ITTO.

Expected outputs of the project include:

 Regional Programme for FGR conservation and sustainable use developed;
 Support provided to countries to implement FGR conservation programmes;
 Status and information of FGR conservation and use documented in the countries;
 Regional mechanism for FGR information sharing established;
 Capacity building needs for FGR conservation developed; and
 Human resources and institutional strengthening increased.


Conservation and recovery of degraded land in family agriculture units in the eastern Brazilian Amazon

Project number :  PD 346/05 Rev.2 (F)
Project country :  Brazil
budget :  ITTO: $324,000
National counterpart: $191,700
Total: $515,700
Submitted by :  Government of Brazil
Implementing agencies :  Embrapa Eastern Amazon
ITTO funding sources :  Bali Partnership Fund
Financed at session No :  39

Summary

Brazilian environmental legislation stipulates that 80% of the rural Amazon, excluding conservation areas along the rivers and in water catchments, should remain under forest cover. However, this legislation is hardly applied and deforestation is spreading rapidly, in particular in what has now been called the arc of deforestation that extends from Maranhâo to Tocantins. The main causes are ranching, uncontrolled timber and NTFP harvesting, slash-and-burn agriculture and, more recently, mechanized agriculture. It has been reported that 200,000 km2 of forest have been deforested and degraded in the last ten years; a significant proportion of such degraded lands eventually support secondary (regrowth) forests.

The objective of this project is to contribute towards the recovery of degraded areas on family-owned lands in the eastern Amazon through capacity-building among farmers in the project area, networking of partnerships involving farmers, scholar students, research institutions, and producers’ associations interested in the rehabilitation of degraded forests. The project will also include the establishment and monitoring of demonstration areas using various schemes and a review of current legislation with a view to reducing deforestation and promoting the rehabilitation of degraded lands. The project plans to involve 150 farmer families and to establish 20 demonstration areas, of which nine will be monitored in order to collect and process biophysical and chemical information.


Technological development for the production of planting materials to support sustainable plantation of Bali indigenous species through community participation

Project number :  PD 386/05 Rev.1 (F)
Project country :  Indonesia
budget :  ITTO: $597,512
Government of Indonesia: $1,076,662
Total: $1,674,174
Submitted by :  Government of Indonesia
Implementing agencies :  Bali Provincial Forestry Service in collaboration with Directorate General of Land Rehabilitation and Social Forestry, Indonesian Ministry of Forestry
ITTO funding sources :  Republic of Korea, Australia, Bali Partnership Fund
Financed at session No :  39

Summary

This project proposal is a continuation of Project PD 137/02 Rev.2 (F) “Demonstration Plantation of Xantoxyllum rhetsa, Manilkara kauki, Alstonia scholaris and Wrightia pubescens to Promote Sustainable Bali Natural Forest” planned to be completed in July 2005. The main outputs of the first project include i) techniques for seed collection, vegetative propagation, production of planting materials and the establishment of genetic trials, ii) mechanisms for community participation, and iii) agroforestry models. However, the vegetative propagation techniques identified are only rudimentary in nature and require further examination and development. Likewise, the mechanisms for community participation and the agroforestry model that have been introduced will need further refinement prior to their replication in other regions of Bali.

The project aims at supporting the tree planting program of the Bali Provincial Government as a means to empowering local economy and improving the environmental conditions in Bali. Its specific objectives are: i) to identify suitable technology for production of high quality planting materials of selected Bali indigenous tree species, and ii) to support the establishment of approximately 2,500 Ha of plantations of indigenous species on degraded lands with community participation.

The main outputs of the project include:

· Appropriate technologies for producing quality planting materials of selected tree species developed;
· Established seed orchard maintained, growth data collected and analyzed;
· Technical guidelines on the appropriate technologies developed and disseminated;
· Forest land use plan updated;
· Community leaders trained;
· Quality planting materials produced and distributed;
· Approximately 2,500 Ha of indigenous tree plantation established and maintained;
· Developed agroforestry model refined and disseminated; and
· Plantation monitoring system developed and applied.


Contribution to livelihood and forest rehabilitation in Thailand's areas affected by tsunami disaster

Project number :  PD 372/05 Rev.1 (F)
Project country :  Thailand
budget :  ITTO: $790,020
Government of Thailand: $343,620
Total: $1,133,640
Submitted by :  Government of Thailand
Implementing agencies :  Royal Forest Department in collaboration with Thailand Environmental Institute
ITTO funding sources :  Switzerland, USA, Republic of Korea, Bali Partnership Fund
Financed at session No :  39

Summary

In Thailand the 26 December 2004 tsunami caused a lot of destruction of human life, property and economic infrastructure and environmental assets in six southern provinces along the Andaman coastline. This project will initiate a process for medium and long-term rehabilitation of the damaged coastal forests in that zone.

The development objective is to contribute to the long-term rehabilitation of the coastal forest resources. The specific objectives are: (1) to initiate a process of developing a community-based coastal resource management to enhance the contribution of forests to ecological security and (2) to promote bamboo use in tsunami affected areas in order to meet medium and long term needs in rural house construction. Ultimately the project will contribute to promoting the utilization and trade of bamboo and other forest products from sustainable sources.

Among the project's most important outputs will be the rehabilitation of 1250 ha damaged by the tsunami, and the elaboration of plans for long term community-based coastal forest rehabilitation in pilot areas of the Provinces of Krabi and Pang Nga. Its design emphasizes the complementarity and synergies with a project to be funded in the same target area by Swiss Solidarity, which aims at providing support to the development of sustainable community livelihood.


Establishment and management of production-protection community forests in lower and middle Atrato, Department of Choco, Colombia

Project number :  PD 20/99 Rev.2 (F)
Project country :  Colombia
budget :  ITTO: $559,493
Convenio Maderas del Darien – Communities – Codechoco: $256,740
Total: $816,233
Submitted by :  Government of Colombia
Implementing agencies :  Colombian Reforestation Association (ACOFORE)
ITTO funding sources :  Japan, USA
Financed at session No :  28

Summary

This project is establishing and managing 2,000 hectares of protection – production plantations on lands granted by the Colombian government to communities in the Domingodó-Truandó area.


Support to grassroots forestry promotion initiatives in the Yoto area

Project number :  PD 51/99 Rev.2 (F)
Project country :  Togo
budget :  ITTO: $243,547
Alternatives (an NGO): $72,000
Beneficiaries: $64,920
Total: $380,467
Submitted by :  Government of Togo
Implementing agencies :  Office de Développement et d’Exploitation des Forêts (ODEF)
ITTO funding sources :  Japan
Financed at session No :  28

Summary

Togo's Yoto prefecture was in the past a timber-producing area. However, due to demographic pressure (98 people/km2) and intense deforestation for cotton farming coupled with frequent forest fires, the environment has been seriously degraded.This situation has led to climatic disturbances, shortages of timber, a reduction in agriculture yields, and an overall decline in the living standards of the local communities.This project aims to reverse these dramatic trends through a collaborative strategy involving the local communities.


Rehabilitating degraded forest through collaboration with local communities

Project number :  PD 30/97 Rev.6 (F)
Project country :  Ghana
budget :  ITTO: $329,571
Government of Ghana: ¢64.8 million
Total: $329,571 + ¢64.8 million
Submitted by :  Government of Ghana
Implementing agencies :  Forestry Research Institute of Ghana
ITTO funding sources :  Japan
Financed at session No :  27

Summary

This project is investigating forest degradation and rehabilitation in the moist semi-deciduous and dry semi-deciduous forest ecological zones of Ghana. In collaboration with local communities it is promoting the rehabilitation of degraded forests through demonstration plantings and the training of local people.


Study on the behaviour of native timber species of commercial value in the tropical moist forests of Honduras, Phase 1

Project number :  PD 22/99 Rev.2 (F)
Project country :  Honduras
budget :  ITTO: $401,955
ESNACIFOR: $80,350
Total: $482,305
Submitted by :  Government of Honduras
Implementing agencies :  National Forestry Science School (ESNACIFOR)
ITTO funding sources :  Japan
Financed at session No :  27

Summary

This project aims to secure quality germoplasm from 40 tropical broad-leaved timber species and to consolidate and transfer technical, scientific and financial information on these 40 species at the nursery, phenological and plantation levels.


Sustainable management and rehabilitation of mangrove forests by local communities on the Caribbean coast of Colombia

Project number :  PD 60/01 Rev.1 (F)
Project country :  Colombia
budget :  ITTO: $583,626
CONIF/Government of Colombia: $213,000
Total: $796,626
Submitted by :  Government of Colombia
Implementing agencies :  National Corporation for Forest Research and Development (CONIF)
ITTO funding sources :  Japan, USA
Financed at session No :  30

Summary

This project is rehabilitating 200 hectares of mangrove forest through socially, economically and ecologically viable actions; developing appropriate practices for the sustainable management and monitoring of 1,000 hectares of mangrove resources as a strategic production and conservation alternative; and training 300 representatives of local communities in techniques and practices for the rehabilitation and sustainable management of mangrove ecosystems.


Pilot plan for the sustainable management of 10 000 hectares of secondary forest in San Lorenzo, Esmeraldas

Project number :  PD 49/99 Rev.2 (F)
Project country :  Ecuador
budget :  ITTO: $393,990
COMAFORS: $50,000
Total: $443 990
Submitted by :  Government of Ecuador
Implementing agencies :  Sustainable Forest Management Corporation (COMAFORS)
ITTO funding sources :  Switzerland, Japan
Financed at session No :  30

Summary

Ecuador has more than 2.5 million hectares of logged-over natural forests. This project has set out to establish and implement a pilot plan to facilitate the management and valuation of 10,000 hectares of secondary forests and to revert the process of forest degradation through sustainable resource management and community training. It is also providing the Ministry for the Environment with technological packages to ensure the sustainable management of secondary forests at the regional and national levels.


Management and conservation of mangrove forests in the Gulf of Fonseca, Honduras

Project number :  PD 44/95 Rev.2 (F)
Project country :  Honduras
budget :  ITTO: $1,012,20
Government of Honduras: $279,000
Total: $1,291,200
Submitted by :  Government of Honduras
Implementing agencies :  Administración Forestal del Estado - Corporación Hondureña de Desarrollo Forestal
ITTO funding sources :  Japan
Financed at session No :  29

Summary

This three-year project aims to reduce the dependency of the local population on mangrove forests for fuelwood by assisting them to establish fast-growing tree plantations in buffer areas. It is also develop a zoning and land-use plan for the Gulf of Fonseca with a view to managing and conserving the mangrove resource.


Reforestation pilot project for the recovery of degraded areas in the Medium Doce River region, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil

Project number :  PD 62/99 Rev.2 (F)
Project country :  Brazil
budget :  ITTO: $808,698
IEF/MG: $177,910
Total: $986,608
Submitted by :  Government of Brazil
Implementing agencies :  State Forestry Institute of Minas Gerais (IEF/MG)
ITTO funding sources :  Japan,USA
Financed at session No :  29

Summary

This project is implementing a pilot reforestation program for both timber production and soil protection using native and exotic forest species on 570 hectares of degraded land in the Medium Doce River region. This land will serve as a demonstration area for uptake by rural communities and the project is providing training in seedling production along with education on the importance of forests for production and protection.


Model development to establish commercial plantation of dipterocarps

Project number :  PD 41/00 Rev.3 (F,M)
Project country :  Indonesia
budget :  ITTO: $461,212
Government of Indonesia: $338,592
Total: $799,804
Submitted by :  Government of Indonesia
Implementing agencies :  Fakultas Kehutanan, Gadjah Mada University
ITTO funding sources :  Japan
Financed at session No :  31

Summary

This project is developing technologies for producing good-quality seedlings of suitable dipterocarp species in large quantities through the development of appropriate technologies for vegetative propagation. It is also evaluating the financial and economic efficiency of commercial forest plantations under the proposed development model.


Study on the behaviour of native timber species of commercial value in the tropical moist forests of Honduras—Phase II

Project number :  PD 22/99 Rev.1 (F)
Project country :  Honduras
budget :  ITTO: $327,050
ESNACIFOR: $75,000
Total: $402,050
Submitted by :  Government of Honduras
Implementing agencies :  National Forestry Science School (ESNACIFOR)
ITTO funding sources :  Japan
Financed at session No :  31

Summary

This project is continuing studies on the silviculture of 29 native tropical broad-leaved timber species initiated under ITTO project PD 8/92 Rev.2 (F) and an additional eleven native species. It is also establishing a fully operational germplasm bank management and seed supply program for the 40 species; consolidating technical and scientific information at the phenological, nursery and plantation levels; and disseminating the information gathered.


Increasing genetic diversity of Shorea leprosula and Lophopetalum multinervium for breeding and genetic improvement

Project number :  PD 106/01 Rev.1 (F)
Project country :  Indonesia
budget :  ITTO: $427,535
Gov't of Indonesia, 5 state-owned forest companies and 1 private company: $143,750
Total: $571,285
Submitted by :  Government of Indonesia
Implementing agencies :  Fakultas Kehutanan, Gadjah Mada University
ITTO funding sources :  Japan
Financed at session No :  31

Summary

The project is a follow-up to ITTO project PD 16/96 Rev.4 (F). It is continuing work to broaden the genetic base for the breeding and genetic improvement of Shorea leprosula and will produce improved clones of Shorea leprosula and improved seeds of Lophopetalum multinervium using the genetic material available from natural populations. The project is also helping to create a centre of excellence for ex situ conservation.


Support for the establishment of a cuttings propagation unit for the production of samba and other local species

Project number :  PD 122/01 Rev.1 (F)
Project country :  Togo
budget :  ITTO: $217,056
Government of Togo: $105,114
Total: $322,170
Submitted by :  Government of Togo
Implementing agencies :  Department for the Control and Protection of Flora Utilization
ITTO funding sources :  Japan
Financed at session No :  31

Summary

This project is assisting the Government of Togo to develop a sustainable plantation estate by establishing a cuttings propagation unit for the production of samba and other local species.


Study and demonstration of the management of secondary forests in tropical regions for the purpose of enhancing economic and ecological benefits

Project number :  PPD 30/01 Rev.1 (F)
Project country :  China
budget :  ITTO: $81,031
Government of China: $35,720
Total: $116,751
Submitted by :  Government of China
Implementing agencies :  Guangdong Academy of Forestry, Chinese Academy of Forestry
ITTO funding sources :  Japan, USA
Financed at session No :  31

Summary

This pre-project is surveying and classifying the types, distribution and management of China's tropical secondary forests; designing management models; selecting demonstration areas for management; and developing a full project proposal.


International conference on quality timber products of teak from sustainable forest management

Project number :  PD 151/02 (I)
Project country :  India
budget :  ITTO: $108,544
Kerala Forest Research Institute: $40,000
Total: $148,544
Submitted by :  Government of India
Implementing agencies :  Kerala Forest Research Institute (KFRI)
ITTO funding sources :  Japan
Financed at session No :  32

Summary

Under this project, an international forum for the critical appraisal of the role of teak plantations in tropical timber development programs and its market situation was convened in Kerala, India.


Integrated plan for the consolidation of the Bagre Highlands Biological Corridor, Province of Darien

Project number :  PD 14/00 Rev.5 (F)
Project country :  Panama
budget :  ITTO: $698,662
ANCON/ANAM: $454,670
Total: $1,153,332
Submitted by :  Government of Panama
Implementing agencies :  National Association for the Conservation of Nature (Asociacion nacional para la conservacion de la naturaleza, ANCON)
ITTO funding sources :  Japan, USA
Financed at session No :  32

Summary

This project aims to secure the Bagre Highlands Biological Corridor as permanent forest estate. An integrated management unit is being established for the sustainable harvesting of timber and non-timber forest products and the protection of water, soil and biodiversity. A rehabilitation and restoration plan is being developed for degraded lands and buffer areas in the biological corridor.


Demonstration plantation of Xantoxyllum rhetsa, Manilkara kauki, Alstonia scholaris and Wrightia pubescens to promote sustainable Bali natural forest

Project number :  PD 137/02 Rev.2 (F)
Project country :  Indonesia
budget :  ITTO: $261,438
Government of Indonesia: $30,860
Total: $292,298
Submitted by :  Government of Indonesia
Implementing agencies :  Bali Provincial Forestry Service (provincial government) and Regional Tree Seed Center (Ministry of Forestry)
ITTO funding sources :  Japan, Australia, Republic of Korea
Financed at session No :  32

Summary

This project is promoting the planting of indigenous tree species in Bali to rehabilitate about 32,000 hectares of degraded land and to ensure the continued supply of woody material for community-based, small-scale wood-carving industries.


Genetic resistance of iroko to Phytolyma lata—Phase II

Project number :  PD 54/00 Rev.4 (F)
Project country :  Côte d'Ivoire
budget :  ITTO: $378,584
Government of Côte d'Ivoire: $93,568
Total: $472,152
Submitted by :  Government of Côte d'Ivoire
Implementing agencies :  Forest Development Corporation (SODEFOR)
ITTO funding sources :  Japan, USA, Common Fund for Commodities
Financed at session No :  32

Summary

Iroko is a high-value timber species common throughout Central Africa. However, in plantations it is attacked by an insect (Phytolyma lata), which causes stunted growth and affects stem shape and size, seriously damaging the trees and reducing their commercial value. This project is a follow-up to ITTO project PD 3/95 Rev.2 (F), which focused on the genetic improvement of iroko species through the selection of resistant seeds and individuals. This project will broaden the genetic base of the available material for the collection of new provenances and establish experimental iroko plantations.


Integrated management of commmunity forests in the Mefou and Afamba Valley (Central Province Cameroon)

Project number :  PD 28/00 Rev.2 (F)
Project country :  Cameroon
budget :  ITTO: $563,265
Government of Cameroon: $262,200
Total: $825,465
Submitted by :  Government of Cameroon
Implementing agencies :  Cameroon Forestry Department, Ministry of the Environment and Forests, through the Community Forests
ITTO funding sources :  Japan, USA, Republic of Korea
Financed at session No :  30

Summary

This project aims to halt the decline and degradation of the forest resources in the Mefou and Afamba Valley by involving local communities in the rehabilitation of degraded lands and in the establishment and management of forest plantations. Specifically, the project is developing a strategy and organisational structures for participative management of the forested areas and establishing community forests and mechanisms for autonomous forest management by communities.


Demonstration project for the rehabilitation and multipurpose sustainable management of mangrove forest ecosystems on the coast of Ecuador

Project number :  PD 152/02 Rev.3 (F)
Project country :  Ecuador
budget :  ITTO: $548,394
CORMADERA: $177,124
Total: $725,518
Submitted by :  Government of Ecuador
Implementing agencies :  Corporation for Forest and Timber Development in Ecuador (CORMADERA)
ITTO funding sources :  Japan, Norway
Financed at session No :  34

Summary

Ecuador's mangrove ecosystems are endangered by ongoing degradation caused by human interventions such as shrimp farming, infrastructure development, agriculture and timber extraction. This project is setting up demonstration sites for the sustainable, multipurpose management of mangrove ecosystems on the Ecuadorian coast. These sites are now starting to provide information on mangrove ecosystem recovery and management, from which technical guidelines and other extension materials are being developed to stimulate the wider uptake of sustainable use practices in mangrove-dependent communities.


Conservation and reforestation of threatened mangrove forest areas along the Pacific coast of Panama

Project number :  PD 156/02 Rev.3 (F) Phase I
Project country :  Panama
budget :  ITTO: $491,57
Government of Panama: $210,290
Total: $701,547
Submitted by :  Government of Panama
Implementing agencies :  National Environmental Authority (ANAM)
ITTO funding sources :  Japan, USA, Norway
Financed at session No :  34

Summary

This project is building on the results of ITTO project PD 128/92 Rev.2 (F): 'Management, conservation and development of the mangrove forests in Panama'. Among other things it is providing training to mangrove-dependent communities in sustainable management and harvesting techniques for mangroves with the aim of conserving and sustainably using about 4,000 hectares of mangrove forests on the Panamanian Pacific Coast and rehabilitating about 1,250 hectares of degraded lands.


Genetic improvement of tropical forest species

Project number :  PPD 75/03 Rev.1 (F)
Project country :  Guatemala
budget :  ITTO: $42,400
Government of Guatemala: $10,300
Total: $52,700
Submitted by :  Government of Guatemala
Implementing agencies :  Implementing agency Instituto Nacional de Bosques (INAB)
ITTO funding sources :  Japan
Financed at session No :  34

Summary

Afforestation, reforestation and forest rehabilitation programs in Guatemala currently do not utilise high-quality seedlings from certified seeds due to a lack of readily available and appropriate germplasm and it is therefore expected that many of these programs will not produce high-quality timber. Among other things, this pre-project is formulating a project proposal to be submitted to ITTO for the development and establishment of a forest genetic improvement program. This is expected to include the identification, selection, processing, marketing, establishment and management of genetic material, and a substantial component to build the capacity needed for the implementation of the program.


Integrated evaluation and strategy for the sustainable management of secondary forests in the Central Forest Region of Peru

Project number :  PD 138/02 Rev.2 (F)
Project country :  Peru
budget :  ITTO: $466,400
INRENA: $180,000
Total: $646,400
Submitted by :  Government of Peru
Implementing agencies :  National Institute for Natural Resources (INRENA)
ITTO funding sources :  Japan, Netherlands
Financed at session No :  33

Summary

This project is developing a sustainable management plan and strategy for the use of secondary forests in the Central Forest Region of Peru for the benefit of local communities and the conservation of the region's natural resources. The project will use the ITTO Guidelines for the restoration, rehabilitation and management of degraded and secondary tropical forests as a starting point for the development of the management plan and strategy. Among other things it will produce: a map detailing the current status and evolution of secondary forests in the Central Forest Region over the last ten years; a methodological manual for the evaluation of secondary forests; a database and website on secondary forests; a proposal for an action plan and regional strategy; and an ecological-economic zoning proposal for the management of secondary forests.


Strengthening central and sub-national institutions to enhance plantation forest development in Jambi and South Kalimantan

Project number :  PPD 56/02 Rev.1 (F)
Project country :  Indonesia
budget :  ITTO: $44,414
Government of Indonesia: $10,655
Total: $55,069
Submitted by :  Government of Indonesia
Implementing agencies :  Directorate of the Management of Plantation Forest Development, Ministry of Forestry, and provincial forest services in Jambi and South Kalimantan
ITTO funding sources :  Japan, Australia
Financed at session No :  33

Summary

This pre-project will support the development of innovative mechanisms for the expansion and security of the forest resource base, especially forest plantations, by: (a) providing updated baseline data, and (b) creating a forum for the critical appraisal of the role of forest plantations. Among the main outputs will be a project proposal for the development of forest plantations in a decentralised environment.