Project portfolio

The following is a list of ITTO projects in the field of criteria and indicators initiated since 1999. All budget amounts are in US dollars. For a complete list of all operational and completed projects financed by ITTO, please refer to the ITTO Annual Report.

In the project numbers given below, 'PD' denotes project and 'PPD' denotes pre-project. The suffix 'F' denotes Committee on Reforestation and Forest Management, 'M' the Committee on Economic Information and Market Intelligence, and 'I' the Committee on Forest Industry.

Restoring the Ecosystem Functions of the Lake Toba Catchment Area through Community Development and Local Capacity Building for Forest and Land Rehabilitation

Project number :  PD 394/06 Rev.1 (F)
Project country :  Indonesia
budget :  ITTO: $549,974
Government of Indonesia: $192,430
Total: $742,404
Submitted by :  Government of Indonesia
Implementing agencies :  Forestry Research and Development Agency, Ministry of Forestry
Financed at session No :  42

Summary

This project proposal is a follow up to the recommendations of the ITTO Technical Mission to Indonesia regarding rehabilitation of watersheds in Indonesia and the study by JICA on the development of Lake Toba catchment area. The project aims at contributing to the improvement and sustainability of ecosystem functions of the Lake Toba Catchment Area (LTCA) through prevention of continued forest clearing and promotion of rehabilitation programs on degraded forest and land in the area. Its specific objectives are to: i) reduce the rate of forest clearing for agricultural uses through community development; and ii) improve accomplishment of forest and land rehabilitation programs surrounding the LTCA through capacity strengthening of the local institutions.

The expected main outputs of the project include:

· Land productivity surrounding the catchment area increased;
· Options for household sources of income available;
· Forest and land rehabilitation models with forest prevention techniques established;
· Models of land tenure conflict resolution established and adopted by target groups;
· Local community awareness of ecosystem functions improved;
· Appropriate technologies for forest and land rehabilitation in the TLCA identified;
· Community groups trained on appropriate technologies for forest and land rehabilitation; and
· Coordination among local stakeholders strengthened in implementing forest and land rehabilitation programs.


Implementation of the sustainable forest management programme of the Iwokrama International Centre

Project number :  PD 297/04 Rev.3 (F)
Project country :  Guyana
budget :  ITTO: $406,836
Iwokrama: $250,010
Total: $656,846
Submitted by :  Government of Guyana
Implementing agencies :  Iwokrama International Centre
ITTO funding sources :  Japan, USA, Norway, Friends of Iwokrama-USA
Financed at session No :  40

Summary

This project proposal is a follow-up to project PD 10/97 Rev.1(F) "A Sustainable Management Model in the Iwokrama Rain Forest", which was completed in April 2004. Two important outputs of this project were the management level forest inventory and the marketing and utilization study. Based on this information, the project was able to complete the technical-economical feasibility study and the draft sustainable forest management plan.

The development objective of the new project is to address the lack of knowledge and general misunderstanding about the sustainable nature of forest activities and the profitability of forest utilization in the Iwokrama Forest. The Project is one of the main components of a strategic action plan developed by the Iwokrama International Center with a view to sustainable forest development.

Specifically, the project aims to a) manage the area in order to maximize net revenue from the sustainable production of forest goods and services, while developing local employment and training opportunities and providing capacity building and technology transfer programmes for the Amerindian communities; and b) demonstrate, through effective monitoring, how the approach is delivering lasting ecological, economic and social benefits to local, national and international communities.

Major outputs upon project completion include:

· Training and technology transfer for the implementation of the forest management plan and silvicultural programmes; and
· The implementation of monitoring programmes so as to assess the social, economic, and environmental impacts of sustainable forest management activities on the local Amerindian communities.


Promoting selected non-timber forest products based on communitiy participation approach to support sustainable forest management in East Kalimantan

Project number :  PD 277/04 Rev.3 (I)
Project country :  Indonesia
budget :  ITTO: $401,937
Government of Indonesia: $126,473
Total: $528,410
Submitted by :  Government of Indonesia
Implementing agencies :  Forestry Research and Development Agency (FORDA) in cooperation with Biopharmaca Research Center, Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia
ITTO funding sources :  Switzerland, Bali Partnership Fund (Sub-account A), Republic of Korea, Norway
Financed at session No :  37

Summary

This 36-month project aims to increase the contribution of non-timber forest products (NTFPs) to forest-sector earnings in East Kalimantan through the establishment of small-scale NTFP industries focusing on medicinal plants from the forests and a marketing system of NTFPs. Project activities will focus on the establishment of plantations for selected NTFPs on both state and private lands, as well as on the development of technical guidelines for the sustainable management of NTFP resources, the establishment of appropriate NTFP processing techniques and the development of small-scale NTFP industries and business plans.


Promotion of tropical non-timber forest products (NTFPs) in Guangxi Autonomous Region, China, based on sustainable community development

Project number :  PD 73/01 Rev.5 (I,M)
Project country :  China
budget :  ITTO: $286,677
Government of China: $283,258
Total: $569,935
Submitted by :  Government of China
Implementing agencies :  Guangxi Forestry Research Institute (GFRI)
ITTO funding sources :  Japan
Financed at session No :  37

Summary

This three-year project aims to promote the sustainable use and management of promising NTFPs in order to contribute to the social and economic development of the project sites in Fangcheng District, Shansi and Ninming counties, Guangxi region. The project will conduct field surveys of the three promising NTFPs to determine their distribution, production, processing and markets and establish three demonstration plots of 100 hectares each to enhance the participation of local communities in managing and utilising the selected NTFPs
on a sustainable basis. Training courses will be organised for key stakeholders involved in promoting NTFPs and the project will also establish three community-based cooperatives to
promote selected NTFPs at the project sites.


Improvement of the sustainable management and utilization of non-timber forest products (NTFPs) in Cambodia

Project number :  PD 275/04 Rev.3 (I)
Project country :  Cambodia
budget :  ITTO: $440,312
Government of Cambodia: $130,100
CIRAD: $18,000
Total: $588,412
Submitted by :  Government of Cambodia
Implementing agencies :  Cambodia Forestry Administration
ITTO funding sources :  Bali Partnership Fund (Sub-account A), Norway
Financed at session No :  37

Summary

This 36-month project will promote the sustainable management of NTFP resources by improving social, economic and legal aspects of NTFP production and trade. Specifically, the project will: help strengthen the local management of NTFPs in four provinces (Kampong Chhnang, Kampong Thom, Mondulkiri and Rattanakiri) through the development of villagers' associations in collaboration with local communities and NGOs; and build local capacity to better integrate local villagers with NTFP markets by addressing socioeconomic and legal aspects of existing market channels.


Participatory establishment of collaborative sustainable forest management in Dusun Aro, Jambi

Project number :  PD 210/03 Rev.3 (F)
Project country :  Indonesia
budget :  ITTO: $588,835
Government of Indonesia: $201,243
Total: $790,078
Submitted by :  Government of Indonesia
Implementing agencies :  Directorate General of Land Rehabilitation and Social Forestry, Ministry of Forestry, in collaboration with the Faculty of Forestry, Bogor Agricultural University
ITTO funding sources :  Japan
Financed at session No :  37

Summary

This project will assist the achievement of sustainable forest management through appropriate forest utilisation and the establishment of a collaborative forest management system. Its specific objectives are to: restore degraded primary forests, manage secondary forests and rehabilitate degraded forest lands in Dusun Aro, Jambi, following the ITTO guidelines; and establish a collaborative forest management system with the full participation of local stakeholders.


Establishing a cooperative framework between ODEF and the communities living in the Eto-Lilicope Forest Complex for the sustainable, participatory management of this complex

Project number :  PD 217/03 Rev.2 (F)
Project country :  Togo
budget :  ITTO: $139,898
Government of Togo: $43,050
Total: $182,948
Submitted by :  Government of Togo
Implementing agencies :  Forest Development Authority of Togo (Office de Developpement et d'Exploitation des Forêts – ODEF)
ITTO funding sources :  Japan
Financed at session No :  37

Summary

Social conflicts between government and the communities living around the Eto-Lilicope gazetted forests have led to a series of problems affecting the forests including arson, encroachment, illegal logging and the illegal allotment of land for sale to third parties. This project will contribute to the sustainable and participatory management of the Eto-Lilicope gazetted forests with a view towards sustainable timber production. Specifically, it will create a framework of cooperation for the consensual and sustainable management of the gazetted forests.


Fire management and post-fire restoration with local community collaboration in Ghana

Project number :  PD 284/04 Rev.2 (F)
Project country :  Ghana
budget :  ITTO: $585,894
Government of Ghana: $63,977
IUCN: $82,054
Total: $731,925
Submitted by :  Government of Ghana
Implementing agencies :  IUCN in collaboration with the Forest Research Institute of Ghana and the Resource Management Support Centre of the Ghana Forestry Commission
ITTO funding sources :  Bali Partnership Fund (Sub-account A), USA, Norway
Financed at session No :  37

Summary

Fire arising from farming, hunting and other rural-based, income-generating activities is considered the single most important threat to the integrity of Ghanaian forests. The underlying causes are poverty, a lack of awareness related to forest-fire impacts and a lack of strong legislative measures to prevent burning. This project will promote the contribution of efficient community-based fire management to forest restoration and sustainable management in fire-prone areas in Ghana.


Rehabilitation of degraded forest using indigenous species through collaboration with local communities in West Kalimantan

Project number :  PPD 103/04 Rev.2 (F)
Project country :  Indonesia
budget :  ITTO: $52,769
Government of Indonesia: $16,183
Total: $68,952
Submitted by :  Government of Indonesia
Implementing agencies :  Kapuas Watershed Management Agency in collaboration with Forestry Faculty, Tanjungpura University of West Kalimantan, Indonesia
ITTO funding sources :  Netherlands, USA, Japan
Financed at session No :  38

Summary

This pre-project will a) collect and analyse the information necessary to evaluate the underlying causes of forest degradation in West Kalimantan; and b) define an overall strategy based on the ITTO Guidelines for the restoration, management and rehabilitation of degraded and secondary tropical forests for a community-based pilot project for the ecological rehabilitation and socioeconomic management of degraded forests in West Kalimantan.


Rehabilitation of degraded forest land involving local communities in West Java

Project number :  PD 271/04 Rev.3 (F)
Project country :  Indonesia
budget :  ITTO: $493,236
Forest Service of Ciamis District,
Government of Indonesia: $77,000
Total: $570,236
Submitted by :  Government of Indonesia
Implementing agencies :  Forestry Service of Ciamis District (Dinas Kehutanan Kabupaten Ciamis), in collaboration with the Forestry Research and Development Agency (FORDA) and the Directorate-General of Rehabilitation and Social Forestry, Ministry of Forestry (MOF)
ITTO funding sources :  Japan, Norway
Financed at session No :  38

Summary

This project will promote sustainable forest management on degraded forest lands through the involvement of local communities in rehabilitation activities to generate social, economic and ecological benefits. Its specific objectives are to: 1) rehabilitate degraded forest lands through participation of local communities following the ITTO Guidelines for the restoration, rehabilitation and management of degraded and secondary tropical forests; and 2) strengthen the local institutional capacity to rehabilitate degraded forest lands.


Bi-national conservation and peace in the Condor Range region, Ecuador-Peru – Phase II (Peruvian component)

Project number :  PD 237/03 Rev.4 (F)
Project country :  Peru
budget :  ITTO: $577,800
INRENA: $117,600
CI Peru: $157,789
Total: $853,189
Submitted by :  Government of Peru
Implementing agencies :  National Institute for Natural Resources (INRENA) in association with Conservation International (CI) - Peru and with the participation of indigenous organisations
ITTO funding sources :  Japan, USA, Bali Pertnership Fund
Financed at session No :  39

Summary

The ecosystems of the Condor Mountain Range and the traditional forest utilisation systems applied by indigenous communities in the buffer area are threatened by inappropriate uses of natural resources. The Peace Treaty signed between Ecuador and Peru led to the establishment of an ecological conservation area in the Condor Mountain Range Region in order to promote the integration of the peoples of these two countries and conserve their environment. The first phase of this Project (PD 3/00 Rev.2 (F)) was implemented within this framework and its major outputs were the establishment of a Sub-System of Natural Protected Areas in the Condor Range Region and the development of its corresponding master plans.

The second phase of the project envisions to continue contributing to the consolidation of the peace and integration process between Peru and Ecuador through the coordinated management of natural protected areas and promotion of the sustainable development of indigenous communities in the Condor Range Region in accordance with the National Strategy for Natural Protected Areas (NPAs) and with the Guidelines, Criteria and Indicators promoted by ITTO.

Specifically, it aims to conserve the flora, fauna and landscapes of a representative sample of tropical mountain forests within the context of indigenous Awajun-Wampis cosmovision through the implementation of the master plan for the Condor Range National Park and, at the same time, enhance the capacity of indigenous communities for the sustainable management of the natural resources of the Condor Range Region.

Condor Range National Park protected and biologically monitored; ii) participatory management of the Condor Range National Park by native communities, local authorities and civil society; iii) joint implementation of transboundary ecosystem research programmes by Ecuador and Peru; iv) joint implementation of mechanisms and instruments for coordinated conservation management between Ecuador and Peru; and v) the re-establishment of cultural links between the Shuar (Ecuador) and Awajun-Wampis (Peru) indigenous communities and an improvement in their land use and natural resource management practices based on sustainability criteria.


Bi-national conservation and peace in the Condor Range region, Ecuador-Peru – Phase II (Ecuadorian component)

Project number :  PD 238/03 Rev.4 (F)
Project country :  Ecuador
budget :  ITTO: $577,800
Ministry for the Environment: $22,000
Natura Foundation: $121,678
Conservation International: $37,000
Total: $758,478
Submitted by :  Government of Ecuador
Implementing agencies :  Ecuador Ministry for the Environment, Natura Foundation, Conservation International
ITTO funding sources :  Japan, USA, Bali Partnership Fund
Financed at session No :  39

Summary

The Condor Range Region has unique features because of its biodiversity, endemism and conservation status. During the first Phase of the Project "Bi-national Conservation and Peace in the Condor Range Region, Ecuador – Peru" (PD 2/00 Rev.2 (F)), two Conservation Areas were officially established (the Condor Ecological Reserve and the Condor Shuar Territory), their management plans were designed and both areas were integrated into a framework of land use management and general master plans for conservation and sustainable development and municipal environmental management plans. Joint cooperation was strengthened between conservation stakeholders and institutions in charge of biodiversity conservation such as the Ministry for the Environment of Ecuador and INRENA of Peru.

This Second Phase envisions to continue contributing to the consolidation of the peace and integration process between Peru and Ecuador through the coordinated management of natural protected areas and promotion of the sustainable development of indigenous and rural communities in the Condor Range Region in accordance with environmental and sustainable development policies of Ecuador and the guidelines, criteria and indicators promoted by ITTO.

Specifically, it aims to ensure: a) the conservation of the National Protected Areas (NPAs) and the sustainable management of the natural resources in the Condor Region, with a view towards promoting the sustainable development of the Shuar communities, through the implementation of prioritized sub-programs contained in the management plans for the Condor Shuar Territory and the Condor Ecological Reserve; and b) the joint implementation of mechanisms and instruments for coordinated conservation management between Ecuador and Peru.

Major outputs include: i) the establishment of an institutional structure with technical and administrative capabilities in the Condor Range Shuar Territory to protect and biologically monitor the NPAs and implement the integrated management plan for the sustainable development areas; ii) a management system for timber harvesting, hunting and fishing in place for the Shuar Territory; iii) the joint implementation of mechanisms and instruments for coordinated conservation management between Ecuador and Peru; iv) the enhancement of community skills as regards land use and natural resource management practices; and v) a bi-national environmental services proposal for the Condor Range.


Sustainable management of tropical forest resources through stakeholder agreements in traditionally owned areas of Papua New Guinea

Project number :  PD 324/04 Rev.3 (F)
Project country :  Papua New Guinea
budget :  ITTO: $452,196
TNC*: $505,538
Government of PNG: $75,000
Total: $1,032,734
Submitted by :  Government of Papua New Guinea
Implementing agencies :  PNG Forest Authority in collaboration with *The Nature Conservancy
ITTO funding sources :  Japan, Australia, TNC, Bali Partnership Fund
Financed at session No :  39

Summary

Almost 90 percent of Papua New Guineans live in rural areas and rely directly on forest resources for their livelihoods. As the owners of forest resources, local communities are a critical element of any process that aims to address the management and sustainable use of forest resources and overall development within PNG. Therefore, there is a need to work directly with local forest owners throughout PNG to develop approaches to the conservation and sustainable management of their forests to meet the livelihood needs of current and future generations.

This project aims to assist local forest owners in the Adelbert Range and throughout PNG to conserve and sustainably manage their forests to meet the livelihood needs of current and future generations. Its specific objective is to assist local forest owners in the Adelbert Ranges to effectively use conservation agreements and management plans to conserve and sustainably manage their forests and meet their livelihood needs.

The main outputs of the project are:

· Six Almami clans are sustainably managing their forest resources in Adelbert Range according to agreed management plans, incorporating conservation priorities, with support from the local level government; and
· The demonstrated conservation and sustainable forest management approach implemented to assist local resource owners and partners.


Conservation and recovery of degraded land in family agriculture units in the eastern Brazilian Amazon

Project number :  PD 346/05 Rev.2 (F)
Project country :  Brazil
budget :  ITTO: $324,000
National counterpart: $191,700
Total: $515,700
Submitted by :  Government of Brazil
Implementing agencies :  Embrapa Eastern Amazon
ITTO funding sources :  Bali Partnership Fund
Financed at session No :  39

Summary

Brazilian environmental legislation stipulates that 80% of the rural Amazon, excluding conservation areas along the rivers and in water catchments, should remain under forest cover. However, this legislation is hardly applied and deforestation is spreading rapidly, in particular in what has now been called the arc of deforestation that extends from Maranhâo to Tocantins. The main causes are ranching, uncontrolled timber and NTFP harvesting, slash-and-burn agriculture and, more recently, mechanized agriculture. It has been reported that 200,000 km2 of forest have been deforested and degraded in the last ten years; a significant proportion of such degraded lands eventually support secondary (regrowth) forests.

The objective of this project is to contribute towards the recovery of degraded areas on family-owned lands in the eastern Amazon through capacity-building among farmers in the project area, networking of partnerships involving farmers, scholar students, research institutions, and producers’ associations interested in the rehabilitation of degraded forests. The project will also include the establishment and monitoring of demonstration areas using various schemes and a review of current legislation with a view to reducing deforestation and promoting the rehabilitation of degraded lands. The project plans to involve 150 farmer families and to establish 20 demonstration areas, of which nine will be monitored in order to collect and process biophysical and chemical information.


Criteria and indicators for the evaluation of tropical forest management sustainability in Mexico (Southeastern Coastal Plains: Gulf of Mexico and Yucatan Peninsula)

Project number :  PD 351/05 Rev.1 (F)
Project country :  Mexico
budget :  ITTO: $514,653
INIFAP-CONAFOR/Gobierno Anfitrión: $181,572
Total: $696,225
Submitted by :  Government of Mexico
Implementing agencies :  National Institute for Forestry, Agricultural and Animal Research (INIFAP) and National Centre for Disciplinary Research on Forest Ecosystem Conservation and Improvement
ITTO funding sources :  Japan, USA, Finland, Bali Partnership Fund
Financed at session No :  39

Summary

The status of Mexico's rainforests is a reflexion of the imbalance between forest and agricultural and livestock development; the latter characterised by the accelerated rate of deforestation. Furthermore, there has been a lack of suitable silvicultural methods to manage these forests which, in general, have been treated inadequately.

This project proposal seeks to strengthen, encourage and evaluate sustainable tropical forest management in Mexico, with a view to achieving the ITTO's Objective 2000 and the Mexican Government's Forest Development Plan so that international trade may be based on raw materials originating from forests managed and certified according to criteria and indicators that strengthen the sustainability of this resource.

Overall, the proposal aims to develop management programmes for the sustainable conservation and utilisation of tropical forests in the southeast of Mexico (Los Tuxtlas, Chimalapas, Selva Lacandona, Centla, Calakmul, Tekax, and Sián Kaán). More specifically, it envisions transferring knowledge to the Ejido communities that own tropical forest resources in these regions in order to develop and implement specific local C&I to evaluate and monitor the progress towards sustainable forest management.

Major outputs include the following:

· Diagnosis of forest resources in the tropical forests of the South-eastern Coastal Plains;
· Forest management evaluation processes tailored to Mexico's tropical forest conditions (society, legislation, economy, and environment); and
· Validated local C&I with a holistic view of ecological, economic and social systems required to evaluate tropical forest management.


Contribution to livelihood and forest rehabilitation in Thailand's areas affected by tsunami disaster

Project number :  PD 372/05 Rev.1 (F)
Project country :  Thailand
budget :  ITTO: $790,020
Government of Thailand: $343,620
Total: $1,133,640
Submitted by :  Government of Thailand
Implementing agencies :  Royal Forest Department in collaboration with Thailand Environmental Institute
ITTO funding sources :  Switzerland, USA, Republic of Korea, Bali Partnership Fund
Financed at session No :  39

Summary

In Thailand the 26 December 2004 tsunami caused a lot of destruction of human life, property and economic infrastructure and environmental assets in six southern provinces along the Andaman coastline. This project will initiate a process for medium and long-term rehabilitation of the damaged coastal forests in that zone.

The development objective is to contribute to the long-term rehabilitation of the coastal forest resources. The specific objectives are: (1) to initiate a process of developing a community-based coastal resource management to enhance the contribution of forests to ecological security and (2) to promote bamboo use in tsunami affected areas in order to meet medium and long term needs in rural house construction. Ultimately the project will contribute to promoting the utilization and trade of bamboo and other forest products from sustainable sources.

Among the project's most important outputs will be the rehabilitation of 1250 ha damaged by the tsunami, and the elaboration of plans for long term community-based coastal forest rehabilitation in pilot areas of the Provinces of Krabi and Pang Nga. Its design emphasizes the complementarity and synergies with a project to be funded in the same target area by Swiss Solidarity, which aims at providing support to the development of sustainable community livelihood.


Technological development for the production of planting materials to support sustainable plantation of Bali indigenous species through community participation

Project number :  PD 386/05 Rev.1 (F)
Project country :  Indonesia
budget :  ITTO: $597,512
Government of Indonesia: $1,076,662
Total: $1,674,174
Submitted by :  Government of Indonesia
Implementing agencies :  Bali Provincial Forestry Service in collaboration with Directorate General of Land Rehabilitation and Social Forestry, Indonesian Ministry of Forestry
ITTO funding sources :  Republic of Korea, Australia, Bali Partnership Fund
Financed at session No :  39

Summary

This project proposal is a continuation of Project PD 137/02 Rev.2 (F) “Demonstration Plantation of Xantoxyllum rhetsa, Manilkara kauki, Alstonia scholaris and Wrightia pubescens to Promote Sustainable Bali Natural Forest” planned to be completed in July 2005. The main outputs of the first project include i) techniques for seed collection, vegetative propagation, production of planting materials and the establishment of genetic trials, ii) mechanisms for community participation, and iii) agroforestry models. However, the vegetative propagation techniques identified are only rudimentary in nature and require further examination and development. Likewise, the mechanisms for community participation and the agroforestry model that have been introduced will need further refinement prior to their replication in other regions of Bali.

The project aims at supporting the tree planting program of the Bali Provincial Government as a means to empowering local economy and improving the environmental conditions in Bali. Its specific objectives are: i) to identify suitable technology for production of high quality planting materials of selected Bali indigenous tree species, and ii) to support the establishment of approximately 2,500 Ha of plantations of indigenous species on degraded lands with community participation.

The main outputs of the project include:

· Appropriate technologies for producing quality planting materials of selected tree species developed;
· Established seed orchard maintained, growth data collected and analyzed;
· Technical guidelines on the appropriate technologies developed and disseminated;
· Forest land use plan updated;
· Community leaders trained;
· Quality planting materials produced and distributed;
· Approximately 2,500 Ha of indigenous tree plantation established and maintained;
· Developed agroforestry model refined and disseminated; and
· Plantation monitoring system developed and applied.


Sustainable community management, utilisation and conservation of mangrove ecosystems in Ghana

Project number :  PPD 108/04 Rev.1 (F)
Project country :  Ghana
budget :  ITTO: $75,578
Government of Ghana: $18,674
Total: $94,252
Submitted by :  Government of Ghana
Implementing agencies :  Institute of Renewable Natural Resources Management (IRNR), in collaboration with Forestry Research Institute of Ghana (FORIG) and the Ghana Forestry Commission
ITTO funding sources :  USA, Bali Partnership Fund
Financed at session No :  39

Summary

In recent years, the pressures of a growing population, combined with increased agricultural, industrial and urban development in coastal areas have contributed to the degradation of the mangrove ecosystems of Ghana. This problem is exacerbated by the fact that there is insufficient data and information available on the status of the country’s mangroves.

The development objective of this pre-project is to ensure the sustainable management and utilization of Ghana’s forest resources. More specifically, the pre-project intends to identify opportunities and threats to sustainable management, utilization and conservation of mangroves by local communities.

Expected outputs are:

· Policy and legislative guidelines for community-based mangrove management formulated;
· Current state and economic importance of mangroves in Ghana assessed;
· Security of tenure, institutional arrangements and governance to empower local communities in mangrove management and decision-making strengthened; and
· Project proposal on sustainable management, conservation and utilization of mangroves by local communities in Ghana formulated and submitted.


Implementation of a management plan by the Chiquiaca and Orozas communities in Tarija, Bolivia

Project number :  PD 44/99 Rev.2 (F)
Project country :  Bolivia
budget :  ITTO: $285,589
PROMETA: $62,850
Chiquiaca Community: $58,000
Orozas Community: $58,000
PROBONA: $41,000
Total: $503,789
Submitted by :  Government of Bolivia
Implementing agencies :  Tarija Environmental Protection – PROMETA – in cooperation with Intercooperation/PROBONA
ITTO funding sources :  Japan, USA
Financed at session No :  28

Summary

The Chiquiaca and Orozas communities in Bolivia's Department of Tarija have developed community-based forest management plans. This three-year project is providing technical and financial support to the communities for the legal implementation of their plans, starting with activities in one of each community's micro-watershed areas.


Support to grassroots forestry promotion initiatives in the Yoto area

Project number :  PD 51/99 Rev.2 (F)
Project country :  Togo
budget :  ITTO: $243,547
Alternatives (an NGO): $72,000
Beneficiaries: $64,920
Total: $380,467
Submitted by :  Government of Togo
Implementing agencies :  Office de Développement et d’Exploitation des Forêts (ODEF)
ITTO funding sources :  Japan
Financed at session No :  28

Summary

Togo's Yoto prefecture was in the past a timber-producing area. However, due to demographic pressure (98 people/km2) and intense deforestation for cotton farming coupled with frequent forest fires, the environment has been seriously degraded.This situation has led to climatic disturbances, shortages of timber, a reduction in agriculture yields, and an overall decline in the living standards of the local communities.This project aims to reverse these dramatic trends through a collaborative strategy involving the local communities.


Forest management, community involvement and sustainable use of Si-Kop Forest Area (Coastal Province, Cameroon) – Phase II

Project number :  PD 21/98 Rev.2 (F)
Project country :  Cameroon
budget :  ITTO: $647,517
Government of Cameroon: $641,490
Total: $1,289,007
Submitted by :  Government of Cameroon
Implementing agencies :  Office National de Développement des Forêts (ONADEF)
ITTO funding sources :  Japan
Financed at session No :  27

Summary

This project is implementing the strategy devised under an earlier project for the sustainable management of the Si-Kop Forest Area, which encompasses three elements: sustainable forest management activities in forest areas allocated for timber production; agriculture and agroforestry activities to increase and sustain agricultural production, with due attention given to the marketing of agricultural products; and tourism development.


Sustainable management and rehabilitation of mangrove forests by local communities on the Caribbean coast of Colombia

Project number :  PD 60/01 Rev.1 (F)
Project country :  Colombia
budget :  ITTO: $583,626
CONIF/Government of Colombia: $213,000
Total: $796,626
Submitted by :  Government of Colombia
Implementing agencies :  National Corporation for Forest Research and Development (CONIF)
ITTO funding sources :  Japan, USA
Financed at session No :  30

Summary

This project is rehabilitating 200 hectares of mangrove forest through socially, economically and ecologically viable actions; developing appropriate practices for the sustainable management and monitoring of 1,000 hectares of mangrove resources as a strategic production and conservation alternative; and training 300 representatives of local communities in techniques and practices for the rehabilitation and sustainable management of mangrove ecosystems.


Productive forest management for the rural reserve area of Guaviare

Project number :  PD 32/99 Rev.1 (F)
Project country :  Colombia
budget :  ITTO: $617,318
Government of Colombia: $373,800
Total: $991,118
Submitted by :  Government of Colombia
Implementing agencies :  Corporacióne Ordenamiento Territorial Sinergia
ITTO funding sources :  Japan, USA
Financed at session No :  29

Summary

This project is supporting the implementation of a management plan covering the 0.5 million-hectare Rural Reserve Area of Guaviare. Specifically, it is: providing information and training to rural families on the establishment of successful forestry, agroforestry and sylvo-pastoral systems; implement demonstration plots to test forest production options for increasing the capacity of rural families to manage their natural resources; and zone areas for forest management, forest rehabilitation and protection, and agriculture.


Improved living standard for the people through community participation in sustainable forest management

Project number :  PPD 22/99 Rev.1 (F)
Project country :  Asia Pacific
budget :  Government of Cambodia: $23,000
ITTO: $77,121
Total: $100,121
Submitted by :  Government of Cambodia
Implementing agencies :  Department of Forestry and Wildlife
ITTO funding sources :  Switzerland
Financed at session No :  29

Summary

This pre-project was implemented in the District of Banteay Meas and Angkorchey, Kampot Province, in an area of around 3,900 hectares that has been allocated to community forestry. The pre-project worked to increase awareness among communities, NGOs, field foresters, forest administrators, policy makers and other stakeholders of the importance of community participation in sustainable forest management.


Participatory rural appraisal in the planning and establishment of a sustainable, community-based forest management model

Project number :  PPD 20/01 Rev.2 (F)
Project country :  Indonesia
budget :  ITTO: $51,081
Government of Indonesia: $9,210
Total: $60,291
Submitted by :  Government of Indonesia
Implementing agencies :  Faculty of Forestry, Bogor Agricultural University (IPB)
ITTO funding sources :  Republic of Korea, Australia
Financed at session No :  31

Summary

Through participatory rural appraisal, this project collected baseline data on local communities living in the area surrounding the Dusun Aro-Jambi natural forest to assist in the formulation of a model of sustainable community-based forest management (CBFM). A full project proposal to promote CBFM in the area was also developed.


Promoting sustainable utilization of bamboo through community participation in sustainable forest management

Project number :  PD 146/02 Rev.1 (I)
Project country :  Myanmar
budget :  ITTO: $453,616
Government of Myanmar: $29,100
Total: $482,716
Submitted by :  Government of Myanmar
Implementing agencies :  Forest Department
ITTO funding sources :  Japan, Republic of Korea
Financed at session No :  32

Summary

This project is establishing two demonstration plots covering ten selected bamboo species in 100 hectares for research and extension. Using the results of the research the project will provide technical support to key stakeholders, including minority groups and women, through training courses and the provision of technical manuals on bamboo plantation management, harvesting and processing. The project is also in the process of establishing two small bamboo cooperatives to generate income for local people.


Sustainable collaborative forest management: meeting the challenges of decentralization in the Bulungan Model Forest

Project number :  PD 39/00 Rev.3 (F)
Project country :  Indonesia
budget :  ITTO: $892,559
Government of Indonesia: $417,000
CIFOR $572,984
IRD $410,000
DFID $53,780
Total: $2,346,323
Submitted by :  Government of Indonesia
Implementing agencies :  Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) and Forestry Research and Development Agency (FORDA)
ITTO funding sources :  Switzerland, USA, Bali Partnership Fund
Financed at session No :  32

Summary

This project constitutes the second phase of ITTO project PD 12/97 Rev.1 (F). It is supporting the long-term goals of sustainable forestry in the Malinau District in East Kalimantan by improving the district-level (kabupaten) coordination of forest management in the model forest through improved stakeholder participation, conflict management, land-use planning and monitoring, and implementing sustainable forest management in the Inhutani II Malinau concession.


Integrated management of commmunity forests in the Mefou and Afamba Valley (Central Province Cameroon)

Project number :  PD 28/00 Rev.2 (F)
Project country :  Cameroon
budget :  ITTO: $563,265
Government of Cameroon: $262,200
Total: $825,465
Submitted by :  Government of Cameroon
Implementing agencies :  Cameroon Forestry Department, Ministry of the Environment and Forests, through the Community Forests
ITTO funding sources :  Japan, USA, Republic of Korea
Financed at session No :  30

Summary

This project aims to halt the decline and degradation of the forest resources in the Mefou and Afamba Valley by involving local communities in the rehabilitation of degraded lands and in the establishment and management of forest plantations. Specifically, the project is developing a strategy and organisational structures for participative management of the forested areas and establishing community forests and mechanisms for autonomous forest management by communities.


Promotion of Guatemalan certified timber and timber products trade

Project number :  PPD 64/02 Rev.1 (M)
Project country :  Guatemala
budget :  ITTO: $50,000
Government of Guatemala: $7,575
Total: $57,575
Submitted by : 
Implementing agencies :  Instituto Nacional de Bosques (INAB)
ITTO funding sources :  Japan, Norway
Financed at session No :  34

Summary

This pre-project is facilitating the gathering of information to allow the formulation of a follow-up project proposal to promote the commercial development of certified timber, particularly that of secondary or lesser-used species. The pre-project is being implemented with the active participation of community groups and cooperatives and forest concessionholders. These groups are implementing forest management plans and need to develop industrially and commercially if they are to make a lasting contribution to sustainable development.


Conservation and reforestation of threatened mangrove forest areas along the Pacific coast of Panama

Project number :  PD 156/02 Rev.3 (F) Phase I
Project country :  Panama
budget :  ITTO: $491,57
Government of Panama: $210,290
Total: $701,547
Submitted by :  Government of Panama
Implementing agencies :  National Environmental Authority (ANAM)
ITTO funding sources :  Japan, USA, Norway
Financed at session No :  34

Summary

This project is building on the results of ITTO project PD 128/92 Rev.2 (F): 'Management, conservation and development of the mangrove forests in Panama'. Among other things it is providing training to mangrove-dependent communities in sustainable management and harvesting techniques for mangroves with the aim of conserving and sustainably using about 4,000 hectares of mangrove forests on the Panamanian Pacific Coast and rehabilitating about 1,250 hectares of degraded lands.