Land managers are increasingly realizing that what happens outside
protected areas can affect the integrity of the protected areas
themselves. Successful conservation initiatives, therefore, need to
influence land management across the broader landscape and empower
local communities to improve their livelihoods.
One way of doing this is through transboundary conservation, which is
the management and conservation of ecologically important areas that
straddle international borders. Transboundary conservation can include
a wide variety of conservation approaches, from the coordinated
management of two protected areas in different countries sharing a
common border, to a mosaic of land-uses in two or more countries
contributing to biodiversity conservation.
ITTO's conservation area program assists in the protection of nine
transboundary and other conservation areas spanning about eleven
million hectares of protected and adjoining forest.Through this
program, ITTO assists countries to establish and manage protected
areas, cooperate with other countries in the management of
transboundary conservation areas (TBCAs), and improve the management of
forests adjoining protected areas (sometimes called "buffer zones").